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Are Diseases the Best Possible Response of the Complex Living System to Stimuli?

Sara Diani


The present study examines the core concepts of the complex systems (CSs) and the relationship between our CSs and the environment and its agents. By using the concepts of modulation of behavior, reorganization, autopoiesis, and heuristic learning, it is argued that activity and response of an organism to different stimuli are its best possible outcomes. Thus, a disease is not something that befalls the body, but rather it is an active and dynamic set of processes carried out by an organism. A disease manifests as the best response to external and internal stimuli when relativizing the “best possible answer” to the following four factors: stimulus type, environment surrounding the system, system predisposition, and system state at the time of the stimulus. This vision could alter our theoretical and therapeutic approach to diseases.

Key words: Complex systems, Health, Disease, Heuristic learning, Self-organization


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